Abnormal Blood Pressure is a Silent Killer

Abnormal blood pressure can not be identified easily

Abnormal  blood pressure also known as ‘hypertension’ or HTN or HPN. Abnormal blood pressure is normally measured in systolic and diastolic. Systolic is is a measurement when heart contracts and diastolic when heart relaxes.  The word “hypertension” without mentioning systolic measure or diastolic measure is normally refers to systemic, arterial hypertension

abnormal blood pressure
Hypertension is a silent killer

Types of abnormal blood pressure:

Essential (primary) : If hypertension is having a known medical cause or reason it is known as essential hypertension and 90%  to 95% of patients fall under this category.

Secondary: Disorder blood pressure due to some other disease like a kidney disease or a tumor or another medical problem is referred to secondary hypertension.

If hypertension is not controlled through medicine or prescribed practices by doctors it may lead to  to  heart attacks, heart failure or chronic renal failure.

What Is “Normal” Blood Pressure?

Normal: Less than  (systolic 120/diastolic 80)
Signs of hypertension: ( systolic 120-139/ diastolic 80-89)
Stage 1 high blood pressure: (systolic 140-159/ diastolic 90-99)
Stage 2 high blood pressure: (systolic 160 and above/ diastolic 100 and above)

What Causes High Blood Pressure?
The exact causes of high blood pressure is not known. Several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Too much salt in the diet
  • Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
  • Stress
  • Older age
  • Genetics
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Adrenal and thyroid disorders

What ever are the reasons of abnormal blood pressure, it is a silent killer. But blood pressure can be under control without medication with simple techniques.

  • Do not worry and forget stress
  • practice yoga and meditation
  • have a regular walk or execise
  • do not eat spicy  and oily food. Have a check on your food habits.
  • Check on your weight. Do not over weigh.
  • Reduce cholesterol and obesity.
  • Check up blood pressure regularly
  • If you have genetic history of blood pressure consult your family doctor and follow his advice.

More information at Understand blood pressure