The Father of the Nation – Mahatma Gandhi – A Simple Person With Great Thoughts
The father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi lived simple life all along his journey till his last. It is not easy to unite millions of people under one roof and fight for nation’s freedom. It is not easy to keep even two people united on a single idea. Mahatma Gandhi’s charisma, saintly life, determination, sincerity, truthfulness, leadership qualities could bring millions of Indian’s together and fight the mighty British power and bring independence to India.
Gandhi was born in Porbandar on October 2nd, 1869 in Gujarat. The full name of Gandhi is Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi. Gandhi fought the imperial British Empire with a simple weapon, the on violence. He did not use any modern nuclear weapons, nor did any combing operations to chase away the British from India but simple principles like non co-operative moment, non violence and kindness. With his Satyagraha Movements and Ahimsa principle, he won not only Indian heart but entire British. Paying tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his death famous scientist Albert Einstein said, “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a man as this walked the earth in flesh and blood” (Ref. from http://gandhiworld.in/english/biography.php#sthash.eI9D9mCS.dpuf
He married early but strongly against child marriage and protected this bad custom throughout his career. He studied law to take up his father’s position as a barrister, went to England and completed his Law degree and came back to India. To pursue studies abroad Gandhi promised his mother that he will not smoke, drink and fall for women. He kept up his promise for the rest of his life. On receiving an offer from South African company Dada Abdulla & Co he decided to go to South Africa. During his tour in South Africa he had bitter experience of racism against Indians living there. In one of his travel from Durban to Pretoria, the capital of the Transvaal he met a controversial dialogue with a white passenger who boarded into the same compartment where Gandhi was traveling. The white did not like a black Indian to travel with him in the same compartment and ordered Gandhi to leave to a III class compartment even though Gandhi had the I class ticket. When Gandhi rejected he was forcibly pushed out out of the compartment by a police and left alone on that fateful, cold day on the platform.
It was the atrocity and racism in South Africa that sworn the seed of ‘Independence for India’ in he mind of Gandhi and made him from ‘Mohandas’ to ‘Mahatma’. Gandhi took a different route to meet this great feat of winning independence to Indians and that is ‘non co operative movement’, ‘Satyagraha’ and ‘Ahimsa’. World War I and II shook the world with deadly nuclear weapons that washed away continents; Gandhi’s peace weapons shook British Kingdom. When violent weapons destroy generations, Gandhi’s peace weapons unite millions for a rightful cause – the independence. With his powerful non violence weapon Gandiji finally made South Africa Government to agree upon fulfilling the demands of Indians living in South Africa in the year 1914, the first victory of non violence. Coming back to India, Gandhiji’s non cooperative movement geared up moment and all Indians rejected the holding rewards, awards, titles, honors. The whole nation joined in this movement of Independence without violence and only with satyagraha for months and years. With a last call for ‘Quit India’ to British on Aug.8, 1942, Gandhi went to jailed several times during the Quit India Movement and released with the outbreak of demonstrations all over India. British imperial rule wanted India’s help in the Second World War and made a promise to offer independence and did not stick on to its promise even after a victory in the World War II. Events changed after World War II and in the next general elections in Britain, 1945, Labor Party came to power, and Mr.Atlee became the Prime Minister. He promised to quit India and the next events lead to our Independent on August 15,1947.
But this great person who never fought with any one, never used harsh words, never insulted anyone was shot dead by an Indian and Gandhi fell to ground with great words ‘Hey Ram’. He used to say ‘Do not hear ad words, do not see bad things and do not talk bad words’ symbolizing three monkeys closing their ears, eyes and mouth. If we follow his principles in toto the world will live in peace and harmony. Gandhiji is a true inspiration for all generations in the present troubled world.